Год: 2010
Автор: Greg Morrissey
Издательство: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
This book presents analyses focused on determining the function of projectile points from the Plateau Cultural area of British Columbia, including use of Shott’s (1997) method designed to classify projectile points as either atlatl darts or arrow points. A total of 1065 projectile points recovered from archaeological contexts throughout the Plateau, spanning the Middle through Late Prehistoric periods, were examined. While Nesikep, Lochnore and Lehman style points were classified primarily as dart points and the Kamloops horizon points predominantly as arrow points, Shuswap and Plateau horizon groups were identified as containing points from both systems. This suggests that the two technologies coexisted for many hundreds of years and that the bow and arrow was in use on the Plateau much earlier than previously believed. A discussion of the implications of this and possible factors that influenced and affected people’s decision to choose one projectile system over the other is…

120 Replies to “TOOLS AND CHANGE”

  1. my 2000 ford F250 is high enough to not need ramps. but i agree with most of these tools.

  2. on your powerstroke take a short punch and drive it at an angle in the bottom of your oil filter. pull it out, let the filter empty and then break it lose and remove it. a lot less mess. love your videos!

  3. Actually you check your oil before you turn it on, and then after you turn it on. You might need more later on. But love the review intrested on that magnet

  4. I change my oil for several reasons. I know the job is getting done right, I use great quality oil/filter, I feel more in touch with my Ride, and I show my younger peers how to do it.


  6. Walmart is the best place to buy oil $12 for rotella 15w-40 vs $19 at autozone

  7. Surprised it hasnt been mentioned..

    But a HUGE time savor is the Fumoto drain plug. This little thing just replaces your factory oil drain plug and has a valve on it that lets you easily drain your oil without any tools necessary. What I really like about it is the ability to add a plastic tube to the outlet and make sure I know that oil is going into my catch pan and not on my garage ground which is the most frustrating when doing an oil change.

    Heres some links to the product, well worth the investment, please make sure to do some research and make sure you buy the right one (different thread size, adapter requirements ETC.)

  8. Dont make a mess with the oil filter. Loosen the oil filter then put a gallon size Baggie over the oil filter and turn it till it comes off into the bag. No mess.

  9. How about doing a review of one the vacuum pump systems that sucks the oil up through the dipstick? Ive always wondered how well those things worked and how long it took.

  10. Bear claws are a life saver, much better than channel lock pliers for tight spaces.

  11. That funnel is pretty slick. I have everything else but I think I may upgrade to that funnel as I own three different makes of vehicles so having all the adapter will be great

  12. absolutely not. You dont need to spend any money on fancy tools to change your oil.

  13. My favorite oil changing tool is a large plastic concrete mixing tub. The thing is 3 x 2 and will catch oil no matter how far it jets out from the drain, can catch the drips from the plug and the filter at the same time, and cost me all of $8 at a hardware store. Its way better than the little round things at the auto parts store, which inevitably result in you missing part of that first jet of oil.

    When Im done, I just upend it into a 5G paint bucket for eventual disposal and wipe off the lip with a shop towel.

  14. I particularly like the oil catch pan. I use the same kind and the way the lip is designed, it will direct oil back to the pan without spilling out of the pan when oil gushes out.

  15. Please put jacks at the front just in case the ramp cracked. I heard there were few incident where the ramp cracked and the vehicle fell down.

  16. This guy has mastered the anchorman / news reporter speaking style

    1. I think he sounds less like a Anchorman/News Reporter (like you said) and more like Andy Rooney ( ) who used to do a editorial/opinion on 60 Minutes.

  17. I use rhino ramps too but I like to put jack stands under the vehicle. make me feel a little safer

  18. For those of you with cars that have cars equipped with the plastic canister type oil filters where you change the paper screen inside as opposed to the metal spin-on type of filter; I recommend the Lisle 5pc filter socket set (p/n 13300). This will allow you to change oil filters on engines such as the Chrysler 3.6 Pentastar and Chevy EcoTec, as well as various fuel filters.

  19. i use a ratchet to break the bolt, then loosen by hand. a long skinny funnel with a wide mouth for refilling, and i always take off the filter by hand. only once has it been too tight to lossen by hand. i have 3 different models of oil filter wrenches that ive never used (got for free because friends thought i could use some help) before then and they either couldnt grip it right or were the wrong size. i had a chuckle at my friends expense and shoved a screwdriver through the filter and just yanked it sideways. did the trick. id rather spend money on parts and upgrades for my vehicles than on tools i dont need when i can do the job just fine by hand. not to say a good set of tools and power tools and specialty tools arent needed or useful, but for the basic shit theres no need to upgrade. also metal ramps are much more trustworthy (at least for trucks. i have to jack up my cars and my suv because the ramps will rip off the bumper.) my next purchase will be a full shop lift. that would actually save time and frustration so money well spent in my eyes.

  20. All this time I could have been using that drain plug magnet tool. How did I not think of that lol

  21. if you have a large filter like the one if the video, take a sharp punch, and pop a hole in the bittom by tapping the punch with a hammer.. this will drain the filter so all that hot oil wont come spilling over the top onto your hands

  22. just bought the channel lock pliers. they arrived Wednesday and an hour later the stuck filter on my MG was off. was going to have it towed to a garage otherwise so really pleased.

  23. Now I know why you used the ramps, but with the 350 you could just slide right under haha. Like anther guy mentioned that is one easy oil change. Now switching the air filter etc, I have no idea

  24. Honorable Mention: Big A$$ piece of cardboard to place under your car to save your driveway from spills and drips while you change the oil and filter.

    1. Old political campaign signs that never get collected work great too. They are slick so it makes sliding under the vehicle much easier, any spilled oil wipes right off, and if the the candidate is never going to collect it, youre basically picking up litter and making the world a better place.

    2. I use a tarp to place underneath my car. Any oil spills wipes up pretty easily. I have tons of tarps Ive gotten free from Harbor Freight 🙂

  25. Great tips, I already have the Rhino Ramps, going to get the funnel today!!! I have a Kia Optima so I cant use the Channel Lock Pliers to do the filter because of the splash guard, what do you recommend?

  26. This is something I was taught at 12 years old. My dads cheap he isnt going to pay 120 dollars every 3,000 miles especially not the way we drive places to have oil changed. So I was taught to change oil, transmission fluid, rotate tires, and brakes. And then I was taught how to tear a motor down and rebuild it by a master mechanic.

  27. Sounds wasteful, but once old oil has finished dripping, I always pour a good half liter or quart of new oil into the engine while the oil drain plug is off. Feel like it might clean some residual old oil outta there. Maybe, maybe not. Always do it with my lawn mower and snow blower as well.

  28. totally thought the little magnet thing was the worst idea ever.. that thing came slinging back at you and threw oil at you..

    1. Thats funny… is the #1 most liked tool in these top 5 by everyone else.

  29. Good stuff. I would add a dolly so you can roll yourself under the car. Also a large drain pan with a good spout that doesnt drip and a peg for draining the filter on. Lastly a box of latex gloves to save your hands.

  30. Flo tool makes a clear funnel with measurements on it,it also has a kind of twist valve that turns the funnel off,that things great

  31. I like to know mine was done properly. Plus with the money I save I spend on higher quality products and additives that may help

  32. I use the Lyle funnel and work at a repair shop. Saves lots of clean up time, I love this tool.

  33. If your oil filter is oriented the way you show in the video, use a punch and poke a hole into it. Let it drain. Less mess.

  34. While you’re waiting for your filter and pan to drain inspect the the underside of your vehicle .

  35. ramps #1 only problem is low clearance vehicles it might be difficult to find low angle set.

  36. Ive always heard to not keep the car jacked up and Ive changed my oil for about 2 years that way. my buddy told me it gets more dirty oil out of the pan.I have a truck so i can easily fit under it but if you have a car just jack it up to get the bolt lose then set it down. btw that magnetic screwdriver works wonders!

  37. I use a harbor freight 3 ton jack. 6ton jack stands (acdelco) and just 2 pieces of 4×4 to chalk the tires inthe back.

  38. I personally prefer an oil filter claw style removal tool. It just seems to work better with todays cramped engine bays and where filters tend to be located.

  39. ECOPLUG is the answer to the safest,fastest way to change your oil

  40. The best tip I could give you is a cheap socket set funnel and old bucket

  41. What about greasing the  grease fittings as I do at each time I change oil ??

  42. There is alot of places around me that will do an oil change for less then i cân buy the oil and filter…..I still do it myself.

  43. All of the tools you showed were great, but my favorite one that I have to get is that drain plug pro. I have been changing my own oil for years (Im 67) and I have never seen one of those. Thanks for all the great videos.

  44. If youve got a pickup or most SUVs, you dont even need ramps. Theres enough clearance for your arms and an oil drain pan under there to do the job.

  45. Fumoto oil drain valve that replaces your drain plug. I have one on all 3 of my vehicles and its awesome. Flick the lever, and the oil drains, no need to undo a plug. There are two models, one with a nipple for a hose and one without. With a nipple you can attach a drain hose for the oil and send it directly to empty jugs, thus skipping the need for a messy drain pan.

  46. I can never find my funnels or they are covered in grit sticking to the residual oil. a piece of note paper rolled makes a great single use funnel. I dont have to clean it before and after use. just throw it away

  47. I use rhino ramps too but I like to put jack stands under the vehicle. make me feel a little safer

  48. The third tool — magnetic drain plug with flexible shaft — HOLY CRAP!!!!!
    I wish I would have bought one of those years ago. After having owned this tool for little over a year now, I quickly knew this was one of the best oil change tools out. Seriously, if you do not have one of these yet . . . BUY ONE . . . your only regret will be wishing that you had bought it sooner

  49. Also check the oil once you back the car or truck off the ramps to get a more accurate level.

  50. As I own a cavalier, I have a few different recommendations.

    Fram makes a spring loaded filter remover head for ratchets, they go over the tip of the filter and hold it to take it off. unfortunately, doesnt work the opposite way, but its almost firing blind in that cars filter area anyways.

    second, a good long handle wrench in the size of the drain plug, cause on some cars the drain cock is close to the trans pan.

    other than that, not bad suggestions.

    1. Haha…..yeah the first bottle (white) was 1 qt & each of the grey bottles are 1 gallon (4 qts) = 13 total

  51. I personally like the oil filter sockets. They attach to a 3/8 ratchet and are lifesavers when the filter is ungodly tight!

  52. I would add an end cap filter wrench to that list. My trucks filter is in a spot that makes it nearly impossible to get a regular strap or filter wrench on.

  53. I dont need ramps, my durango has 10 inches of lift and 40 inch tires haha

  54. Great video! Instead of buying a dedicated oil filter wrench Ive used my 14 inch pipe wrench which allows you to securely remove any oil filter thats very tight. It has just enough to be able to grab most oil filters. Obviously you have to have room just as you do with your oil filter wrench channel locks for this to work. That way you have a pipe wrench thats usable for other do it yourself things around the house and not just dedicated to oil filters. Love the magnetic nut removal tool! Funny how you show me something that Ive never seen before but is a great idea! Also the Lisle funnel is a great idea too. I have one dedicated to fit my Toyota but the one you have with the multiple adapters is a much better approach! Get yourself a nice 5 gallon pan with a large opening like the one in your video as well. Lastly might try a Fumoto oil drain valve. I have used these years and love them. This is a really great video. Keep up the good work and sincere and honest approach that you display!

  55. My thoughts on your picks.
    Ramps — initially I first used the ramps for oil changes but figured out later that jack stands and a jack are much more useful if you plan do other stuff like rotate your tires, brakes, and other jobs.
    Long ratchet — nice to have, but it shouldnt take that much effort to take a drain plug off. You are better off with a flex head ratchet like the Harbor Freight Pittsburgh Pro or Gearwrench ones if you want the extra leverage and want to do other stuff.
    Oil Filter pliers — In most other applications, you have a limited amount of room and would be better off with something like a strap, claw, or metal band wrench — something that wont have clearance issues. I personally use the Gearwrench claw wrench.
    Drain Plug Pro — Nice to have. Sounds like a hand saver, especially if you are going to be doing a lot of oil changes.
    Lisle oil funnel — Nice to have. Sounds like a great way to prevent spills and free up your hand though it does cost ten times that of a basic funnel and may be hard to justify the cost if youre not using it to make a living.

  56. My oil filter is not accessible by most tools. I found that an inexpensive pair of cotton gloves with a non slip coating on them give me the grip to free the oil filter without tools. (Learned after I bought 2 types of oil filter removal tools. Pliers and a slip on type wrench.)

  57. Honestly I dont do my own oil anymore. One my car is to new that their are so many sensors that need to be reset (thanks Volkswagen), and it only costs me about $22 when the dealership does it. If I do it myself im only saving about $3-4 with filter and oil. Allows me to be lazy when they do it. And Walmart is next door so I can get shopping done when I wait.

    1. The problem is that they use bulk CHEAP oil from 55-gallon drums….bulk CHEAP filters that have minimal pleats inside and a basic design……and the person doing it is the new kid who just started and makes minimum wage. Other than that, yeah it’s less work on your part….but there is a reason it is so “cheap”.

  58. Never ever should a drain plug be installed with and impact wrench

    1. 1 more reason to avoid places like Jiffy Lube. Do your own = know what and how it was done + saving $$$.

    2. To avoid warranty issues I let the dealership do certain maintenance during the warranty period. Those oil plugs are really tight the first time I change my oil after them.

  59. great to see that… I made it too. Using inplix handbooks 🙂

  60. Best tip I have is that I hook up my shop vac to the oil intake tube, turn it on, remove oil plug, shut vacuum off. No mess! You’re welcome!

  61. These are excellent choices. If you are moving into more advanced auto repairs, then save your money on the ramps. Put that money towards a jack and jack stands. Harbor Freights Daytona jack gets excellent reviews and looks like its made in the same factory as the Snap-on jack. Same goes for their Pittsburgh Pro long handle ratchets.

    Me, I am frugal. Cut a quart oil bottle in 1/2, you have a funnel. I can squeeze under cars without lifting the car. If you cant, park one side of the car on a curb. You can get some oil filter wrenches on ebay directly from China for only couple dollars. Ya, these are hillbilly methods.

  62. Id change the ramps out for a jack and jack stands. Seems a more versatile than the ramps to me. second, instead of the pliers, I like an oil filter wrench cap. I got four different sizes from Harbor Freight for $5.

  63. I own a shop and the funnel is used a ton. Great for Toyota where the oil can over flow with a traditional funnel or takes longer to fill. Funnel is must have.

  64. Even if I dont save a lot of money by doing my own oil, I do it anyway because i enjoy it and know im doing it right. I dont trust Walmart and Jiffy Lube with my car

  65. Oil filter strap wrench. My buddy let me use it for a filter I couldnt get off and now I need to buy one. I havent tried those pliers though. Ill have to give them a shot if I get a chance.

  66. Ive had bad experiences with oil filter cap wrenches in the past. They either spun on the filter or got wedged on and were difficult to separate from the filter. So I found it much easier to use a nylon strap wrench. The strap is attached to a hollow square bar which rolls the nylon belt tight and attaches to a 1/2 drive ratchet. Its not usually a one handed operation, but it works better for me while taking up much less storage space than cap wrenches. I like the setup you have in the video with the exception of the ramps. I trust the strength of steel (jack stands) much more than anything else.

  67. I prefer to jack mine up and use jack stands for a couple of reasons. Aside from my fear of driving over the end of the ramps I like to check the front tires for end play up & down and side to side checking ball joints and tie rods while Im waiting for the oil to drain. I also make it a habit to rotate my tires when I do an oil change.

    That magnetic drain plug tool is very cool. I havent seen that before but I will be getting one for sure. The funnel is pretty neat too. I can see where that would be very handy. Fortunately my car is pretty easy to get to and fill with just a regular old cheapo funnel.

    The fact that you even mention that an oil drain plug might be put on with an impact gun is reason enough why its probably better to DIY oil changes.. Not to mention the fact that most quick lube type oil change places are probably using the cheapest oil filter possible and who knows what kind of oil.

  68. I woulda added the EZ drain valve. Add the hose connector, open valve and drain directly into ur oil pan. Almost no clean up.

  69. Now, I love working on my car myself to save money. Plus, I just like doing it. But when places around town are doing oil changes as low as $15 I cant see how Im saving money when 5 qts is $20 and the filter is at least $5-$10. My old chevy I do myself because its a special zinc oil I use, but the jeep I just take it somewhere and spend 15 bucks for valvoline.

  70. Got me! I just ordered the Lisle magnetic drain plug tool. Should have gotten that thing about 40 years ago. Thanks for showing it.

  71. That magnetic drain plug tool is the greatest single thing Ive ever seen. Period. Also, ordered.

  72. Fumoto drain valves work great too. I have used them for years on my oil drains with zero issues. Allows easy and mess free draining. Actually allows you to use an empty 5 quarts jug so you dont even need the drain pan. Great video. Thanks

  73. My advice for removing oil filter.
    Break the oil filter free,barely,just enough that you can remove it with your hands later.
    Make a two holes on the bottom of the filter with sharp punch tool or common nail.
    Metal casing of the oil filter is usually easy to penetrate.
    Let oil drain first,than remove filter.
    Great tip with that magnet gizmo.I got magnetic socket inserts.I use 6 or 8 socket extension.You can buy them from Lee Valley store.


  74. 15 year diesel tech here. I personally prefer the strap style socket for spin-on filters. Ive never been unable to remove a stuck filter and since it a strap, I can adjust it to different diameter filters. Some of the filters I deal with are about 5 wide or more. I got mine from Snap-On at an embarrassingly high price, but Im sure you can find a less expensive one out there.

  75. Can you review those type of heated jackets that youre wearing? Id like to see the comparison between brands.

  76. You get cought using one of those oil plug removers in a shop here in Canada and you will be laughed at

    1. True enough, if Im already under without anything but bare hands, Id just unscrew it while pressing the plug up to minimize the flow until I know its fully unscrewed, then yank it off quickly. Still likely to get a few drops on your fingers as it dribbles though.
      The Sidewinder wrench is the best, as I can do it as leisurely as I want and not contact a single drop of oil. I dont remember them being as pricey as they appear to be now though, so its not going to be for the non-tool junkie DIYers, just like Knipex plier wrenches.

    2. DTR RTD justify it all you want neat invention but its pretty easy to pull a drain plug out quick enough to not have oil on your hands.

    3. justin Sivret
      laughed at why, because real mechanics dont mind getting oil on their hands? Would using gloves also be sneered at there?
      The idea of a tool to take a drain plug off with no dribbling on the hands is not a bad one, though as it was being used in the video, I predicted the mess from the long unsupported spring and plug flopping and splashing the oil around. Thats only because the other hand wasnt free for use while videoing, most likely-
      I have a ratchet with a geared t-handle on the end that actually works the best, being able to both loosen and remove the plug while keeping the hand completely out of the flow.
      The t-handle mechanism lets you spin it off without any need for preload from the fastener like regular ratchets, which is why they cant be used for the drain plug since it spins so easily once loose.
      It would be second on my list of oil change tools, though the brand name escapes me at the moment.

  77. Dude, as easy as it is to change the oil and filter (especially on this truck) your oil should never be allowed to get that dirty.

  78. Few people will read this, But the best drain pan is a concrete mixing tub from a big box HW store. Way cheaper, and way bigger so you don’t overshoot it when you pull the plug, and you can do the filter while the pan is still dripping. And it’ll be big enough for nearly any transmission too.

  79. Sorry for Laughing LOL but I drive a Landrover Defender and Ramps are not needed it sits so high 🙂

    I would add an Oil Syringe for Axles, Gear-Box etc

  80. my 2000 ford F250 is high enough to not need ramps. but i agree with most of these tools.

    1. Yeah….. my F350 doesnt need them either — but it was an easy way to prove if they could take a lot of weight or not. Some people online said those ramps broke with a small car…..the front end of a 4×4 diesel weighs a LOT more than their entire car.

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